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      美國留學Business作業:Short and Long Term Environmental Factors that Effect Organisations

      論文價格: 免費 時間:2022-07-25 10:46:52 來源:www.ourpropertyvalue.com 作者:留學作業網

      美國留學Business作業-影響組織的短期和長期環境因素。本文是一篇美國留學生商務管理專業作業范文,主要內容是講述短期和長期影響組織的重要環境因素之一。它包括政府政策的變化、法律和立法的變化、戰爭和沖突、政府以增稅的形式施加的壓力、政府的變化以及新政府想要廢除所有舊計劃。下面就一起參考下關于美國留學生Business作業范文的全部內容。

      美國留學生作業范文

      One of the important environment factor that effect the organization on short term and long term basis. It includes changes in government policies, changes made in law and legislation, war and conflict, government pressure in form of rise in tax, changes in government and new government wants to wave out all old plans.

      Economical 經濟

      Another factor that effect the environment is itself economy of the country which could affect on shorter term or longer term but most likely the economical effect most effect on longer period. It includes adverse movement in exchange rates, increase in taxation, lower interest rate, international economy effect, monetary issues, customer buying power, change in trend and life style of people due to poor economic conditions, like possibility of business would not generate as much as they were before this which ultimately result in reduction in human power which directly effect there buying power.

      影響環境的另一個因素是該國本身的經濟,這可能會對短期或長期產生影響,但最有可能的是經濟影響對長期影響最大。它包括匯率的不利變動、稅收的增加、利率的降低、國際經濟的影響、貨幣問題、客戶購買力、由于惡劣的經濟條件導致的趨勢和人們生活方式的變化,同樣,商業的可能性不會產生像之前那樣多的收入,這最終會導致人力的減少,從而直接影響購買力。

      Technological 技術

      Technology is normally has short term effect excluding some mighty machinery which take years to build and changes take place. Technological factor includes change in technology as this is one of the major factor as we have seen in now a day communication and computer technology change rapidly as compare to others, once a new model enter in the market will definitely absolute the previous one. Other factors include changes in technological legislation, licensing and patents, intellectual property issue and global communication.

      技術通常具有短期影響,不包括一些需要數年才能建造和發生變化的強大機械。技術因素包括技術的變化,因為這是一個主要因素,正如我們在今天所看到的那樣,通信和計算機技術與其他技術相比變化很快,一旦一種新的模式進入市場,它肯定會取代以前的模式。其他因素包括技術立法、許可和專利、知識產權問題和全球通信的變化。

      Social 社會

      Social is another environment factor that can affect both in short and long term to organization. Social factor include change in trends, fashion, style, organizational brand, people purchasing power, religious and ethical issues. Media play vital role these days as a mean of spreading awareness among people which can be in any sector. Major events has a short term environment affects.

      社會因素是另一個可以對組織產生短期和長期影響的環境因素。社會因素包括趨勢的變化、時尚、風格、組織品牌、人們的購買力、宗教和道德問題。如今,媒體作為在任何部門的人們中傳播意識的手段發揮著至關重要的作用。重大事件具有短期環境影響。

      Importance of Environmental Factor Affecting Organization:影響組織的環境因素的重要性:

      It is obvious that any change in the environment factor can directly or in directly affects the organization operations in that particular environment. Politically if the is change in government policy or legislation that has direct effect on all organization and sectors all business have to adopt the changes take place. Technological if there has been change in technology as latest version of machinery launched every business which directly use such machinery to run there business need to update accordingly in order to survive in the competitor market otherwise competitor, take lead in business operations. Social and economy factors also has important influence on organization activities suppose, if organization is doing trade with international business partners in case of war both countries government impose restriction on the trade which affect both businesses on the other hand if economy is on downfall trend, in fact all businesses faces decline in the profit percentage as customers buying power has fall as a result of poor economic conditions.

      很明顯,環境因素的任何變化都會直接影響組織在該特定環境中的運營。政治上,如果政府政策或立法的變化對所有組織和部門都有直接影響,那么所有企業都必須接受這些變化。技術如果隨著最新版本機器的推出,技術發生了變化,則直接使用此類機器運營的每個企業都需要進行相應的更新,以便在競爭對手市場中生存,否則競爭對手,請領導業務運營。社會和經濟因素也對組織活動有重要影響假設,如果組織在戰爭中與國際商業伙伴進行貿易,兩國政府都會對貿易施加限制,這會影響到雙方的業務。另一方面,如果經濟呈下降趨勢,事實上,由于經濟狀況不佳,客戶購買力下降,所有企業都面臨利潤率下降的問題。

      Expectation of Stake holders 利益相關者的期望

      A stakeholder is any person or organization, who can be positively or negatively impacted by, or cause an impact on the actions of a company, government, or organization.

      利益相關者是指任何可能受到公司、政府或組織行為積極或消極影響,或對公司、政府或組織行為造成影響的個人或組織。

      Following are the stake holders of almost every business: 以下是幾乎所有企業的股東:

      Customers 客戶

      Employees 員工

      Trade creditors 貿易債權人

      Bank 銀行

      Government 政治

      Shareholders 股東

      Investors 投資者

      Local community 當地社區

      Environment 環境

      Every stakeholder has it on expectations from the company or business. Customers demand high quality but cheap price products and services. Employees has there own expectations like secure future, attractive salary plus bonuses. Trade creditors demand long credit period. Bank is interested in it financial performance and business is able pay the interest rates. Government is interested in business paying tax on time. Shareholders are interested in increase in wealth which result in business generates profits. Investors interested on return on there investment. Local community expects employment opportunities from business. Business would run its operations under environment friendly atmosphere.

      每個利益相關者都對公司或業務抱有期望??蛻粢蟾哔|量但價格低廉的產品和服務。員工有自己的期望,比如有保障的未來,有吸引力的工資加獎金。貿易債權人要求較長的信貸期。銀行對it財務表現感興趣,企業有能力支付利率。政府希望企業按時納稅。股東對財富的增加感興趣,財富的增加導致企業產生利潤。投資者對這些投資的回報感興趣。當地社區期望從商業中獲得就業機會。企業將在環境友好的環境下運營。

      Changes that affect the strategy 影響戰略的變化

      Factors that currently affect the TM Mobile house is technology change like upgraded version of computer mobile model therefore TM should have to buy new software that are currently used in mobiles and computers. Second environment factor that mostly affect TM is economic downfall which dramatically reduce the sale of TM. So under tight conditions TM has to change its strategy in order to survive under such condition.

      目前影響TM Mobile house的因素是技術變化,如計算機移動模型的升級版本,因此TM必須購買當前用于手機和計算機的新軟件。第二個主要影響TM的環境因素是經濟衰退,這大大減少了TM的銷售。因此,在緊張的條件下,TM必須改變其戰略,以便在這種條件下生存。

      Due to poor economic condition customers are unable to pay more for the goods they bought infect they demand cheap product but good quality which result in to reduction in profit margin ratio. Government demand regular tax and council tax payment regardless business is earning profit or not. Bank demand there money back, employees feel unsecure future in TM employees are not happy as they would not receive bonus for the one and a half year. Investors consider it risky to invest in such economic condition due to fear of there investment being drowned.

      由于經濟狀況不佳,客戶無法為購買的商品支付更多的費用,他們要求產品便宜但質量好,這導致利潤率下降。無論企業是否盈利,政府都要求定期繳納稅款和市政稅。銀行要求退款,員工感到未來不安全TM員工不高興,因為他們一年半內不會收到獎金。由于擔心投資被淹沒,投資者認為在這種經濟條件下投資有風險。

      Business Strategies, Policies and Plans 商業戰略、政策和計劃

      Strategic Objectives 戰略目標

      The company strategic objectives are how the company corporate objective is going to be achieved. These objectives usually split between: 公司戰略目標是如何實現公司目標。這些目標通常分為:

      The strategic commercial objective 戰略商業目標

      The strategic financial objective 戰略財務目標

      The commercial objectives are in non financial term to achieve company desired targets. 商業目標是在非財務方面實現公司預期目標。

      The strategic financial objectives are to maximize the profit of the organization, in modern terms maximization of shareholder wealth.

      戰略財務目標是實現組織利潤最大化,現代意義上是股東財富最大化。

      Effectiveness 有效性

      Is a measure of the degree to which business achieve its goals. 是衡量企業實現其目標的程度。

      The strategy is effective if it achieve it objective.如果實現it目標,該策略是有效的。

      Business Plan 商業計劃書

      A business plan is an official statement contains business goals, the reasons why they are going to be achievable, and the plan for reaching those goals. It also holds information about the organization or team attempting to reach those goals.

      商業計劃書是一份官方聲明,包含商業目標、商業目標能夠實現的原因以及實現這些目標的計劃。它還保存有關試圖實現這些目標的組織或團隊的信息。

      Business policy 商業政策

      Business Policy defines the scope inside which decisions can be taken by the subordinate in an organization. It permits the lower level management to deal with the harms and issue without consult top level management each time for decision. Business policy in guidelines issued by the organization to achieve there targets.

      業務策略定義了組織中下屬可以做出決策的范圍。它允許下級管理層處理危害和問題,而無需每次咨詢高層管理層進行決策。企業政策在組織發布的指導方針中有實現目標的作用。

      Effect of Current Business Plan 當前商業計劃的影響

      TM business plan is to maximize the profit, growth in sale at constant rate in future. TM goals are to grow and create monopoly in area which it operates and how to achieve the goals TM together its employee as a force to achieve its targets. Owner of the business make daily progress reports form them, and any changes in plan will properly convey to them through proper mean of communication tool like direct meetings, update the notice board regarding current changes and process of achieving those targets and goals. It targets also includes increasing customer confidence in there services. TM give guarantee for its services if there is any complain in it they can get it repaired with out charge, no one else in the market are offering such guarantees. For the time being TM is moving slowly towards maximizing profit as due the economic recession it been difficult for TM to achieve its targets. Employees are working well as they are working before the economic recession but due to slow progress in work that is why plan are not working and planed.

      TM的商業計劃是在未來以恒定的速度實現利潤最大化、銷售額增長。TM的目標是在其經營的領域內發展和創造壟斷,以及如何與其員工一起實現目標,以此作為實現其目標的力量。企業所有人每天從他們那里編制進度報告,計劃中的任何變化都將通過適當的溝通工具(如直接會議)適當傳達給他們,并更新公告板上關于當前變化和實現這些目標和目的的過程。它的目標還包括提高客戶對這些服務的信心。TM為其服務提供擔保如果有任何投訴,他們可以免費維修,市場上沒有其他人提供此類擔保。目前,由于經濟衰退,TM很難實現其目標,因此TM正緩慢地朝著利潤最大化方向發展。在經濟衰退之前,員工們工作得很好,但由于工作進展緩慢,這就是為什么計劃不起作用和沒有計劃好的原因。

      TM is now 2nd operating in this area offering the same kind of services, but due to size of the business TM were in lead. Two more business was closed down due to unfeasible economic conditions. Now its time for TM to improve its services likely to make amendments in the plan as customers are switching back towards TM. Which is positive sign for TM as sale will grow as planed in future because of reduction in competition. TM is now increase the volume of finished good stock for resale purposes as he is expecting increase in the sale as well as profit.

      TM目前是該領域的第二大運營商,提供同類服務,但由于業務規模,TM處于領先地位。由于經濟條件不可行,又有兩家公司被關閉?,F在是TM改善服務的時候了,隨著客戶轉向TM,該計劃可能會做出修改。這對TM來說是一個積極的跡象,因為競爭減少,未來銷售額將按計劃增長。TM目前正在增加成品庫存量,以用于轉售,因為他預計銷售額和利潤都會增加。

      TM has following competitive strength and weaknesses, of its current strategies.

      TM目前的戰略有以下競爭優勢和劣勢。

      Strength 優勢

      It has large space in shop so more customers can sit at a time. 它在商店里有很大的空間,所以一次可以坐更多的顧客。

      Its location is comparatively better than its competitor. However its competitor is in less busy area.其位置相對優于競爭對手。然而,它的競爭對手在不那么繁忙的領域。

      Workforce, as TM has two staff who can serve the customers. Its competitor is hiring only on staff difficult for him to deal during busy time to handle each clients effectively.勞動力,因為TM有兩名員工可以為客戶服務。它的競爭對手只雇傭在繁忙時間難以處理的員工,以有效處理每個客戶。

      Range of services like computer, mobile, Money transfers and property. But its competitor has limited services like mobile and computer.一系列服務,如電腦、手機、匯款和房地產。但其競爭對手的移動和計算機等服務有限。

      Weaknesses 弱勢

      Strategically TM is retrieving high profit margin form it sales on the other hand its competitor has edge on this. TM is not buying accessories of latest mobile phone, lack of training in employees, participation in saving schemes. Its competitor has edge on above mentioned weakness.

      從戰略上講,TM從it銷售中獲得高利潤率,另一方面,其競爭對手在這方面具有優勢。TM不購買最新手機配件,缺乏員工培訓,參與儲蓄計劃。其競爭對手在上述弱點上具有優勢。

      Options for Strategic Planning 戰略規劃選項

      Strategic planning is creating a vision of the future and managing toward that expectancy. It’s operating under a mission statement umbrella that focuses the organization’s effort. It’s an effective process for aligning your short-term decisions with your long-term goals.

      戰略規劃是創造對未來的愿景,并朝著這一期望進行管理。它是在一個使命聲明的保護傘下運作的,該保護傘集中了組織的努力。這是一個將短期決策與長期目標相結合的有效過程。

      Strategic planning answers the three big questions: 戰略規劃回答了三個大問題:

      Where are we today? 我們今天在哪里?

      Where do we want to be in the future? 我們未來想在哪里?

      What should we be focused on today, in order to make it more likely we will be where we want to be in the future? 我們今天應該關注什么,以使我們更有可能在未來達到我們想要的目標?

      The basic strategic planning model involved four steps explained below. 基本戰略規劃模型包括以下四個步驟。

      SWOT analysis can also be used for strategic planning. Strength and weakness can show business internal position where it can stand and opportunity and threats shows external factors that will affect the business directly or indirectly.

      Strength 優勢

      Have you got sufficient financial resources to fund any changes you would like to make?你有足夠的財政資源來資助你想做的任何改變嗎?

      Is your product unique or market leading? 你的產品是獨特的還是市場領先的?

      Does business have superior industry knowledge? 企業是否具有卓越的行業知識?

      Are you involved with industry associations? 你參與過行業協會嗎?

      Your reputation – are you considered a market leader? Or an expert in you is filed? 你的聲譽——你被認為是市場領導者嗎?還是你的專家被歸檔了?

      Does business have good relationship with your customer? 企業與客戶的關系是否良好?

      Does business have strong relationships with your suppliers? 企業是否與供應商建立了牢固的關系?

      Does business have a positive relationship with your employee? 企業與員工之間的關系是否積極?

      Is your business Innovative? 你的業務創新嗎?

      Weakness 劣勢

      Is your plant and equipment old or outdated? 你的工廠和設備是舊的還是過時的?

      Is your product line too narrow? 你們的產品線太窄了嗎?

      Have you got insufficient financial resources to fund any changes you would like to make? 你有沒有足夠的財政資源來資助你想做的任何改變?

      Does business lack industry knowledge?企業是否缺乏行業知識?

      Does business lack innovative skills? 企業是否缺乏創新技能?

      Does business have a poor or impersonal relationship with your customers?企業與客戶之間的關系是否很差或沒有人情味?

      Does business have a poor relationship with your suppliers? 企業是否與供應商關系不佳?

      Does business have a poor relationship with your employees?企業是否與員工關系不佳?

      Does business have low volume and are restricted in your ability to scale up?業務量是否很小,并且您的擴展能力是否受到限制?

      Opportunities 機會

      Changes to legislation 立法變更

      Changes to import/export constraints 導入/導出約束的更改

      Good economic outlook 良好的經濟前景

      Expand your product line 擴大產品線

      Diversify your business interests 使你的商業興趣多樣化

      Expand into your customer’s field 擴展到客戶領域

      Expand into your supplier’s field 擴展到供應商的領域

      Expand your customer base (Geographically or through new products) 擴大客戶群(地理位置或通過新產品)

      Does business has peaceful competitor? 生意有和平的競爭對手嗎?

      Are there any export opportunities? 有出口機會嗎?

      Will your market grow? 你的市場會增長嗎?

      Threats 風險

      Changes in demographics 人口統計的變化

      Increasing regulation 增加監管

      Do consumers have a choice to use a substitute product? 消費者可以選擇使用替代產品嗎?

      Are substitute product sales increasing? 替代產品銷售是否在增長?

      Is your market in slow growth or in decline? 你們的市場是在緩慢增長還是在衰退?

      Growing power of customers or suppliers to set price 客戶或供應商定價能力不斷增強

      Changing needs of buyers 買家需求的變化

      Porter’s five forces Model 波特五力模型

      Michael Porter developed a framework, which identified 5 forces that act to either increase or reduce the competitive forces within an industry. These five forces are 邁克爾·波特(Michael Porter)開發了一個框架,該框架確定了5種影響行業內競爭力的因素。這五種力量是

      The Bargaining Power of Your Customers 客戶的議價能力

      The Threat of New Entrants into your Industry 新進入貴行業者的威脅

      The Bargaining Power of Suppliers 供應商的議價能力

      Threat of Substitute Products or Services 替代產品或服務的威脅

      Rivalry amongst Existing Firms 現有公司之間的競爭

      Industry growth rates 行業增長率

      High fixed costs 固定成本高

      Intermittent over capacity 間歇性過負荷

      Product differences 產品差異

      Brand identity 品牌標識

      Switching costs 轉換成本

      Informational complexity 信息復雜性

      Concentration & balance 集中與平衡

      Diversity of competitors 競爭對手的多樣性

      Corporate stakes 公司股份

      Exit barriers 出口阻礙

      The Bargaining Power of Your Customers 客戶的議價能力

      Differentiation of outputs 輸出差異化

      Switching costs 轉換成本

      Presence of substitutes 代替品的存在

      Industry concentration relative to buyer concentration 行業集中度相對于買方集中度

      Importance of volume to buyers 數量對買家的重要性

      Cost relative to total buyer purchases 相對于買方采購總額的成本

      Impact of outputs on the cost of differentiation 產出對差異化成本的影響

      Buyer information about supplier products 買方關于供應商產品的信息

      Buyer profitability 買方盈利能力

      Decision makers incentives 決策者激勵

      Threat of backward integration 后向一體化的威脅

      The Bargaining Power of Suppliers 供應商的議價能力

      Differentiation of inputs 輸入的差異化

      Comparative understanding of activity from organization 組織對活動的比較理解

      If we take in to account the competitor of TM mobile house in some area that business is in good position, as no business is perfect in every aspect. If we take few things into consideration like JD has lower profit margin. JD offer limited services if we compare it with TM, but with extreme quality. Employ turn over in JD is too low as compare to TM. JD business is too innovative its owner keep the displayed products in the shop with latest models including there accessories. JD has good financial condition JD have sufficient working capital to support day to day activities. JD had obtained large credit from the supplier. It keeps his employee up to date regarding any changes in the technology. JD makes good relations with its existing customer and new one. How ever in some areas TM as a competitive advantage over JD.

      如果我們考慮到TM mobile house在某些領域的競爭對手,即業務處于良好的地位,因為沒有任何業務在各個方面都是完美的。如果我們很少考慮像京東這樣的事情,利潤率就會降低。與TM相比,京東提供的服務有限,但質量極高。與TM相比,JD的雇傭周轉率太低。京東業務太過創新,其所有者將展示的產品放在店內,并配備最新型號的配件。京東財務狀況良好,有足夠的營運資金支持日?;顒?。京東從供應商那里獲得了大量信貸。它使他的員工能夠及時了解技術的任何變化。京東與現有客戶和新客戶保持良好關系。然而,在某些領域,TM被視為超越京東的競爭優勢。

      Feasible options for the future strategic planning 未來戰略規劃的可行方案

      It is better for TM to incorporate following option before making strategic plans, it includes product threat that is take in to consideration that if there are some new product entering the market there cost and also opportunity cost of not take it now in to consideration. What is the capital requirement to meet its day to day expenses as well as if want to introduce need products like latest models of mobile and if to upgrade the existing computers using as internet café, do TM has sufficient fund available if it has how efficiently use it. What ever services TM going to provide should be meet economies of scale criteria. Must take in to consideration the bargain power of the customers, what’s there buying power what there expectation from TM and which product they normally demand for there normal consumptions. Most importantly take in to account the competitor position need to adopt those method in order to gain competitive edge, carefully identify those areas that need special attention. Identify those brands which has same quality but cheaper that meet the customers buying power. Changes in the legislation must take in to account how they affect our business. Need to improve the accessories in the shop but focus must be to identify if they were saleable or which has extensive demand. Focus on existing product present in stock that is out dated should be sold out on discount to retrieve money from it otherwise bear total loss from it. TM must keep there and its employee knowledge up to date, towards industry in which they are operating suppose TM is doing money transfers it should be aware of any changes took place in money transferring roles that need to be adopted. Improve the interpersonal skill with staff and with the customers always build working relations with the customers in order to retain business from them. All above mentioned issued need to take under careful consideration in order to make future strategy plan and setting targets to be achieved.

      TM最好在制定戰略計劃之前納入以下選項,其中包括考慮到的產品威脅,即如果有一些新產品進入市場,則會產生成本,還包括現在不考慮的機會成本。滿足日常開支的資本要求是什么?如果要推出最新型號的手機等需要的產品,如果要升級用作網吧的現有計算機,TM是否有足夠的可用資金(如果它有多高效地使用它)。TM將提供的服務應滿足規模經濟標準。必須考慮到客戶的議價能力,TM的購買力和期望,以及他們正常消費通常需要的產品。最重要的是,考慮到競爭對手的位置需要采用這些方法,以獲得競爭優勢,仔細確定需要特別注意的領域。確定那些質量相同但價格較低的品牌,以滿足客戶的購買力。立法的變化必須考慮到它們對我們業務的影響。需要改進店里的配件,但重點必須是確定它們是否可以銷售或有廣泛的需求。關注庫存中已過期的現有產品,應折扣出售,以從中取回資金,否則將承擔全部損失。TM必須將其及其員工的知識保持最新,以了解他們所經營的行業。假設TM正在進行資金轉移,則應了解需要采用的資金轉移角色發生的任何變化。提高與員工和客戶的人際關系技巧始終與客戶建立工作關系,以保持業務。為了制定未來的戰略規劃和設定要實現的目標,需要認真考慮上述問題。

      Conclusion 結論

      We discuss short and long term environmental factors affecting the organization, together with what are strategies, policies and plan and at the end take in to consideration strategy development models and which important areas are vital in making future strategies.

      美國留學生商務管理專業作業范文中討論了影響組織的短期和長期環境因素,以及什么是戰略、政策和計劃,最后考慮戰略發展模式,以及哪些重要領域對制定未來戰略至關重要。本站提供各國各專業作業寫作指導服務,如有需要可咨詢本平臺。


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