<address id="xrfrx"><listing id="xrfrx"><menuitem id="xrfrx"></menuitem></listing></address>
    <address id="xrfrx"><listing id="xrfrx"><menuitem id="xrfrx"></menuitem></listing></address>

    <noframes id="xrfrx">
    <noframes id="xrfrx"><listing id="xrfrx"><listing id="xrfrx"></listing></listing>
    <form id="xrfrx"><nobr id="xrfrx"><meter id="xrfrx"></meter></nobr></form>
    <address id="xrfrx"><listing id="xrfrx"><menuitem id="xrfrx"></menuitem></listing></address>

      指導
      網站地圖
      英國essay 澳洲essay 美國essay 加拿大essay MBA Essay Essay格式范文
      返回首頁

      心理學Essay參考案例:Stages and Reasoning Behind Moral Development

      論文價格: 免費 時間:2022-04-20 09:16:29 來源:www.ourpropertyvalue.com 作者:留學作業網

      本文是心理學專業的留學生Essay范例,題目是“Stages and Reasoning Behind Moral Development(道德發展的階段和原因)”,今天,對社會來說,人們似乎像木偶一樣生活。雖然大多數人同意這一問題值得注意,但關于如何處理這一問題和如何找到共同基礎的協商一致意見卻消失了。使用邏輯,一個實體嘗試如何道德價值可以幫助確定什么是對,什么是錯,在一個個人的情況或任何情況下,與此相關。道德由于道德義務和環境倫理而影響人與環境的互動。

      Abstract 摘要

      Today, it seems that people live as puppets to society. While most agree that this issue deserves attention, consensus dissolves on how to tackle the problem and how a common ground can be found. Using logic, an entity attempts on how moral values could help determine what is right and what is wrong in a personal situation or any situation for that matter. Morality impacts people's interactions with the environment because of moral obligations and environmental ethics.

       

      心理學Essay怎么寫

      People could also describe moral identity as a dependency linked to various social and cultural obligations. People also argue that Western morals emphasize morality that is personally oriented, while people from Eastern cultures find socially oriented as being a higher mean. Using Kohlberg’s stages and his “Heinz and the Drug” scenarios, the six different stages of Moral Development and the individual reasoning behind them is discussed as well as the moral reasoning behind them.

      人們還可以將道德身份描述為與各種社會和文化義務相關的一種依賴。人們還認為西方的道德強調個人導向的道德,而東方文化的人認為社會導向是更高的標準。利用科爾伯格的階段和他的“亨氏與毒品”的情景,討論了道德發展的六個不同階段及其背后的個體推理和道德推理。

      Morality relates to a belief system about what’s correct and right compared to what’s incorrect or wrong. Moral development relates to modifications in moral convictions as an individual grows older and matures. “Moral development is the process through which children develop proper attitudes and behaviors toward other people in society, based on social and cultural norms, rules, and laws.” ("Moral Development - symptoms, stages, Definition, Description, Common problems," n.d.)

      People could also describe moral identity as a dependency linked to various social and cultural obligations. People also argue that Western morals emphasize morality that is personally oriented, while people from Eastern cultures find socially oriented as being a higher mean. Moral values relate to the principles that guide people throughout his/her lives. From childhood to adulthood, people keep on learning and transforming his/her selves and so do his/her morals.

      人們還可以將道德身份描述為與各種社會和文化義務相關的一種依賴。人們還認為西方的道德強調個人導向的道德,而東方文化的人認為社會導向是更高的標準。道德價值是指指導人們一生的原則。從童年到成年,人們不斷地學習和改變自己,他的道德也是如此。

      Moral values are important in life because if a person has never learned about moral values then how can he/she chooses between the good and the bad. Moral values can also reflect the character and spirituality of an individual. These values can help in personal as well as professional lives to build good relationships. Moral values can help eradicate problems from one's life such as dishonesty, violence, cheating, jealousy.

      Not only that, they can counteract poor social influences such as disregard for females, child abuse, violence, crimes, agitations. They can help you cope with difficult life circumstances. They can be a key to motivating themselves. Morality is setting a good example before others in my private view. In spiritual terms, it is often said that setting a good example is the greatest service you can render to society. Regardless of the scenario or opportunities, it could be in any sector.

      1469/5000

      不僅如此,它們還可以抵消不良的社會影響,如忽視女性、虐待兒童、暴力、犯罪和煽動。他們可以幫助你應對困難的生活環境。它們是激勵自己的關鍵。在我個人看來,道德就是在別人面前樹立一個好榜樣。在精神方面,人們常說,樹立一個好榜樣是你對社會最大的貢獻。不管情況或機會如何,它可能出現在任何行業。

      Moral values are often personal. He or She loses the very objective of morality if he/she becomes a fundamentalist of moral values. Every individual comes from within his/her own moral values and should not be forcefully compelled down one’s throat. Children may be subjected to certain morality norms, but if he/she attempts to restrict his/her creativity and imagination through the unnecessary bindings of morality, it will not serve any purpose. Individual morality begins with oneself and in one's existence there may be fresh and comparatively distinct ideas of individual moralities.

      Obviously, social morality has certain code of behavior and moral values in the community in which one lives. One should attempt as much as necessary to pursue them. Universal morality or a universal approach is required when it comes to spirituality. He/She can not only worry about his/her own self. The concept of being a universal being and not a local chapter has to be opened up.

      Six Stages of Moral Development道德發展的六個階段

      Kohlberg, an American psychologist developed six stages of moral development. He used “Piaget’s storytelling technique to tell people stories involving moral dilemmas. “Kohlberg’s (1969) stage theory of moral development served this task for decades by investigating how moral reasoning influences moral behaviors in hypothetical situations.

      美國心理學家科爾伯格提出了道德發展的六個階段。他用“皮亞杰講故事的技巧告訴人們涉及道德困境的故事。Kohlberg(1969)的道德發展階段理論通過研究假設情境下的道德推理如何影響道德行為,為這項任務服務了幾十年。

      While Kohlberg’s theory provided insight about the development of moral reasoning skills, his theory is limited because moral reasoning alone is not a strong predictor of moral action.” ("Recognizing Moral Identity as a Cultural Construct," n.d.)  In each case, he presented a choice to be considered, for example, between the rights of some authority and the needs of some deserving individual who is being unfairly treated.” ("Kohlberg - Moral Development," 2008)

      Obedience and Punishment Orientation or stage one reflects that of moral thought. The child remains good to avoid being punished. This stage is also considered a level one or Preconventional Morality which relates to children younger than the age of nine not having a code of personal morality. In this level, the child believes that a predetermined set of rules is enforced by influential authorities that he or she must obey.

      服從與懲罰取向或階段一反映了道德思想取向。這孩子保持良好以避免受到懲罰。這個階段也被認為是第一級或前傳統道德,這涉及到9歲以下的孩子沒有個人道德準則。在這個層面上,兒童認為一套預先確定的規則是由有影響力的當局強制執行的,他或她必須遵守。

      Individualism and Exchange or stage two is where children understand that there is not only one correct view provided by authorities, but that different people have different outlooks. These stages are both considered a level one where children in both stages realize punishment, yet they perceive it differently. Stage one punishment is associated with wrongness in the mind of the child such as punishment proves it is wrong to disobey and stage two on the other hand, punishment would be viewed as a threat the child wants to avoid. Stage two would still be considered preconventional though because the children speak as individualized rather than members of society. Next Kohlberg moves to a level two, Conventional Morality. At this level internalization values of moral standards are realized but not questioned.

      Good Interpersonal Relationships or stage three begins this level. This stage of children is usually teens that believe people should live up to family and community standards and act right.

       

      心理學Essay怎么寫

      Next in this level comes Maintaining the Social Order or stage four where the person is more cognitive of the law and abiding by them. Level three or Post Conventional Morality defines itself as moral reasoning which is based on individual rights and justice.

      這個層次的下一個階段是維持社會秩序,或者說第四階段,這個人對法律的認知和遵守程度更高。第三層或后傳統道德將自己定義為基于個人權利和正義的道德推理。

      Social Contract and Individual Rights or stage five is more of a questioning stage where people begin to realize different group have different values and morals.

      Finally, we have Universal Principles or stage six. This stage relates to values that will be in most agreement whether or not it fits the laws. A great example here could be perceived as political.

      Moral values vary with each individual however, when it comes to a dying stranger an individual should not be overly greedy. “Moral values are the standards of good and evil, which govern an individual’s behavior and choices. Individual’s morals may derive from society and government, religion, or self.” ("Moral Values," 2005) A common ground could be found in said drugs or even payment plan option should be available. To allow a person to die is essentially being in stage six and having no moral values, not caring at all, cold.

      然而,每個人的道德價值觀是不同的,當面對一個垂死的陌生人時,個人不應該過于貪婪。道德價值是善與惡的標準,它支配著一個人的行為和選擇。個人的道德可能來自社會、政府、宗教或自我。(《道德價值》,2005)可以在上述藥物甚至支付計劃選項中找到共同點。讓一個人死去,本質上是處于第六階段,沒有道德價值觀,完全不關心,冷漠。

      Typically, culture does impact how we “see” the effectiveness of moral values. This goes back directly to parenting styles and the normality about parenting practices affect how kids are brought up. These standards influence what beliefs and values parents teach his/her kids, what behaviors are deemed suitable, and how these values and behaviors are taught as well. Culture also changes how parenting is perceived by the environment in which kids are brought up in. Culture is dwindled down to how kids are grown by his/her parents in distinct cultural situations to act differently. Parents' habits also impact his/her intellectual, physical, social, and emotional growth considerably. Culture also seemingly plays such a large role in the perception of "cold" or "warm" because society impacts parental forms and behavior. Parents do not parent the way they used to because of morality and kids are essentially “bubble wrapped”.

      Morality impacts people's interactions with the environment because of moral obligations and environmental ethics. Morals seem to be shaped by religion, culture influences, parenting styles, and sociality. Any more people as a whole are negatively impacted with obligations to society, living up to the typical American standards. What happened to self-identity? People learn the majority of morals from a young age stemming throughout his/her lives. Weaker individuals are easily influenced and brainwashed essentially to believe whatever it is he/she is told. Today, it seems that people live as puppets to society. Using logic, an entity attempts to moral values could help determine what is right and what is wrong in a personal situation or any situation for that matter. Using the “Heinz and Drug” situation, the character traits and motives were awful. This storyline comes across as needy, greedy, only caring about oneself and not any other individual. Life should be more important than property or money.

      In summary, Heinz should not steal the drug to avoid prison time and cooperate with obedience as in stage one. It is difficult to put into real perspective over a prison sentence or the death of a spouse however, if Heinz was only able to come up with half of the money for the drug it could be very easy to understand the thought of languishing in jail rather than the death of one’s spouse.

      綜上所述,亨氏不應該像第一階段那樣偷藥以避免牢獄之災,并且服從。很難投入真正的角度在監禁或配偶的死亡不過,如果亨氏只能拿出一半的錢買毒品可能是非常容易理解的思想在監獄而不是一個人的配偶的死亡。

      In theory, Heinz could steal the drug, take the punishment for the crime as call actions have consequences, yet pay back what is owed. Some people focus on what is believed to be the best at his/her best interest or because culture and morality, people try to live up to expectations of the social role. The best choice of Kohlberg’s stages should be stage six, post conventional level of moral development and human rights. The belief that everyone needs to afford the medicine and be saved regardless of his/her resources.

      According to Kohlberg’s stages, reflection of this stage is that few people reach this point. Moral development tends to focus from infancy throughout adulthood on the appearance, improvement, and comprehension of morality. Morality also evolves throughout a lifespan and is affected by the perceptions and actions of a person when confronted with moral problems through the physical and cognitive growth of different periods.  Morality involves the sense of what is right and what is wrong by an individual; it is for this reason that young children and adults have different moral judgement. Morality is often synonymous with “rightness” and “goodness” in itself. Morality refers to some code of conduct from one’s own community, faith, or personal philosophy that governs one’s acts, attitudes, and thoughts.

      根據Kohlberg的階段,這個階段的反映是很少有人達到這一點。從嬰兒期到成年期,道德發展傾向于關注道德的出現、改善和理解。道德的發展貫穿于人的一生,并在不同的生理和認知成長時期受到一個人面對道德問題時的感知和行為的影響。道德包括個人對什么是對什么是錯的意識;正是因為這個原因,幼兒和成人的道德判斷不同。道德本身常與“對”和“善”同義。道德指的是一個人自己的社會、信仰或個人哲學中的一些行為準則,這些準則支配著一個人的行為、態度和思想。

      留學生專業相關專業范文素材資料,盡在本網,可以隨時查閱參考。本站也提供多國留學生課程作業寫作指導服務,如有需要可咨詢本平臺。

      此論文免費


      如果您有論文代寫需求,可以通過下面的方式聯系我們
      點擊聯系客服
      推薦內容
      • 心理學Essay模板:5 S...

        ?本文是心理學專業的Essay范例,題目是“5StagesofHumanDevelopment(人類發展的5個階段)”,社會、身體、情感、認知和文化的變化貫穿個......

      • 心理學Essay參考案例:E...

        本文是心理學專業的Essay范例,題目是“ExplanationofHowtheBrainWorksandHowChangescanaffectBehaviou......

      • 心理學Essay范文翻譯:T...

        本文是心理學專業的Essay范例,題目是“TheoriesOfTheNatureVersusNurtureDebate(心理學中的意識理解)”,先天與后天的爭論......

      • 心理學Essay格式:Eth...

        本文是心理學專業的留學生Essay范例,題目是“EthicalImportanceofConfidentialityinCounselling(咨詢保密的倫理重......

      • Reflection Ess...

        Reflection Essay指導樣板展示(Essay指導網:Reflection Essay指導 )For making a reflection on t......

      • 心理學Essay模板:Chi...

        本文是心理學專業的留學生Essay范例,題目是“ChildDevelopmentPathwaysforDevelopingDepressioninAdultho......

      色欲日日摸夜夜爽

        <address id="xrfrx"><listing id="xrfrx"><menuitem id="xrfrx"></menuitem></listing></address>
        <address id="xrfrx"><listing id="xrfrx"><menuitem id="xrfrx"></menuitem></listing></address>

        <noframes id="xrfrx">
        <noframes id="xrfrx"><listing id="xrfrx"><listing id="xrfrx"></listing></listing>
        <form id="xrfrx"><nobr id="xrfrx"><meter id="xrfrx"></meter></nobr></form>
        <address id="xrfrx"><listing id="xrfrx"><menuitem id="xrfrx"></menuitem></listing></address>